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In 2019, under the guidance of the new era deployment of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, the cross-strait exchanges and integration development have continued to deepen, and the effect of "checking independence and promoting reunification" has been remarkable.
1. The new era points the way for Taiwan ’s strategy for cross-strait relations
First, the important speech of General Secretary Xi Jinping has become a political declaration and program of action for promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland in the new era.
On January 2nd, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward a five-point proposal to work together to promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations and the peaceful reunification of the motherland at the 40th anniversary of the publication of the "Complaint to Compatriots in Taiwan": work together to promote national rejuvenation and achieve the goal of peaceful reunification; exploration The "two systems" Taiwan plan enriches the practice of peaceful reunification; adheres to the one-China principle and maintains the prospect of peaceful reunification; deepens the integration and development of the two sides of the Taiwan Straits, lays the foundation for peaceful reunification; General Secretary Xi Jinping also solemnly proposed to his compatriots in Taiwan: "On the basis of the common political foundation of" 1992 consensus "and opposition to" Taiwan independence ", political parties and cross-strait cross-strait political parties and representatives from various sectors have elected representatives to conduct extensive and in-depth discussions on cross-strait relations and the future of the nation. Democratic consultations have reached an institutional arrangement to promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations. " The five points stand for becoming a political declaration and program of action for the peaceful reunification of the motherland in the new era.
Second, promote the peaceful reunification of the motherland in the overall state of national governance modernization.
From October 28th to 30th, the Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Party regarded "adhering to the" one country, two systems ", maintaining the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macau, and promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland" as a significant advantage of our national system and national governance system. At the same time, it also regards "adhering to and improving the 'one country, two systems' institutional system, and promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland" as an important strategic measure to adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. Specific system construction goals. Taking "one country, two systems" as an important part of the socialist institutional system and national governance system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland in promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, and clarifying the basic direction of promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland in the new era.
The new era's strategy for Taiwan has played an ideological leading role in shaping the atmosphere of pursuing the reunification of the motherland on the island. The new party proposed eight initiatives on the "one country, two systems" Taiwan plan, including ways to achieve peaceful reunification, a social system after reunification, and Taiwan's international space, etc., which opened the first for political parties on the island to explore "one country, two systems". Reunification groups on the island have repeatedly emphasized that only when Taiwanese society returns to the national community can there be a correct development path, and calls for stepping up the exploration of the "one country, two systems" Taiwan plan, consolidating social consensus, and promoting peaceful reunification across the Taiwan Straits. Experts and scholars on the island have stated that all sectors of Taiwan must seize the opportunity for democratic consultations, advance cross-strait political negotiations, and put forward policy recommendations such as democratic consultations starting from economic issues and people first.
Cross-strait exchanges and integrated development continue to deepen
First, the central government continued to upgrade the implementation of equal treatment measures.
On November 4, the "Several Measures on Further Promoting Cross-Strait Economic and Cultural Exchanges and Cooperation" ("26 Measures") were introduced, in the same vein as the "31 Measures", running through the people-centered development philosophy and aimed at serving Taiwanese enterprises. Taiwan compatriots provide more in-depth equal treatment so that more Taiwan compatriots can take the lead in sharing development opportunities on the mainland. On November 29, the "Interim Measures for Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwanese Residents to Participate in Social Insurance in the Mainland (Mainland)" was issued, stipulating that from January 1, 2020, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan residents who are employed in the Mainland (Mainland) shall participate in five basic social insurances. Residents in the Mainland (Mainland) who are not employed in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan can participate in the basic endowment insurance and medical insurance for urban and rural residents in accordance with regulations in their place of residence to further implement the same treatment.
Second, the local implementation of equal treatment measures continued to advance.
After the "31 measures" and "26 measures" were promulgated, various localities have introduced specific implementation measures. For example, on January 12, Gansu Province issued 55 measures including promoting economic exchanges and cooperation, encouraging schooling, employment and entrepreneurship, strengthening cultural exchanges and cooperation, and optimizing work and life services. On January 15 and February 1, Beijing successively issued two batches of "Detailed Measures on Deepening Economic and Cultural Exchanges and Cooperation between Beijing and Taiwan". On May 31, Fujian Province issued "Implementation Opinions on Exploring Cross-Strait Integration and Development of New Roads". On June 16, the Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone in Fujian Province issued the “Implementation Rules for Exploring New Roads for Cross-Strait Integration and Development”, and strived to create a leading area for Taiwan compatriots and Taiwan enterprises to land in their first homeland ... These measures are for Taiwan compatriots doing business in the Mainland and Provide equal treatment for work, study and life, and continuously enhance the sense of gain of Taiwan compatriots.
Third, cross-strait exchanges continue to advance.
In terms of party exchanges, Hong Xiuzhu, former KMT chairman, led delegations from all walks of life to visit Beijing. The two sides proposed "jointly realize national rejuvenation, consolidate common political foundation, deepen cross-strait integration and development, strengthen cross-strait grass-roots exchanges, promote cross-strait youth exchanges, and deepen cross-strait culture. Exchanges "and other 6 joint initiatives. New Party Chairman Yu Muming led a delegation to visit Guangdong and other places. The two sides conducted dialogues and consultations on cross-strait relations and exchanged in-depth views. In addition, Song Chuyu, the chairman of the People ’s Democratic Party, and Wang Jinping, the former “Legislative Yuan ’s leader,” also led a delegation to visit the mainland.
In terms of city exchanges, the mayor of Kaohsiung, South Korea Yu, and Nantou County Mayor Lin Mingxuan visited the mainland. "Shanghai-Taipei" and "Twin Cities Forum" were held in Shanghai as scheduled, and Taipei Mayor Ke Wenzhe visited the mainland. The first container liner service between Hainan Island and Taiwan Island, the Haikou-Taipei route, opened at the Hainan Haikou Port Container Terminal. Continental Airlines opens Penghu route for the first time. and many more.
In terms of people-to-people exchanges, the 11th Cross-Strait Forum, the Cross-Strait Entrepreneurs Zijin Mountain Summit, and the Cross-Strait Memorial Ceremony of Emperor Huang Emperor and Emperor Yan Emperor, etc., people-to-people exchange activities at different levels and in different fields continued. In addition, 124 Taiwanese companies participated in the 2nd China International Import Expo Corporate Business Show, an increase of 72% over last year.
Third, the "anti-independence" work has achieved remarkable results
First, high pressure deterred the "Taiwan independence" forces.
On March 31, the PLA fighter -11 fighter crossed the so-called "mid-strait line." On April 15th, naval and air forces such as the PLA's ships, bombers, and reconnaissance aircraft cruised around the island of Taiwan to test the capabilities of multi-service integrated joint operations. On June 25 and November 8, the Liaoning fleet and the first domestic aircraft carrier crossed the Taiwan Strait to conduct routine training. In July and August, the PLA held military exercises on the southeast coast and the East China Sea, respectively. The above actions have demonstrated the confidence and ability of the People's Liberation Army to safeguard national sovereignty, and have effectively deterred the arrogance of "Taiwan independence" elements.
Second, the "one China structure" of the international community has been further consolidated.
On September 21 and 27, Solomon Islands and Kiribati had "broken diplomatic relations" with Taiwan and established and resumed diplomatic relations with mainland China. The Fiji government ordered the "Republic of China Business Mission in Fiji" to be renamed "Taipei Commercial Office in Fiji", removed the nameplate containing the original name, and confiscated the "diplomatic license plates" used by it.
In summary, the mainland's work on Taiwan in 2019 has achieved significant achievements, which has effectively promoted the peaceful development of the relationship between the two countries. Looking forward to 2020, the mainland will build a well-off society in an all-round way, achieve the "first century" goal, and start the "second century" goal. Realizing the complete reunification of the motherland is the common aspiration of all Chinese children, the fundamental interest of the Chinese nation, and the inevitable requirement of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. As long as compatriots on both sides of the strait follow the historical laws and share the national justice, the great cause of the peaceful reunification of the motherland will greet a bright future. (Author: Xu whole, assistant researcher Academy of Social Sciences Institute of Taiwan Studies Department)
[Responsible editor: Li Jie]