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[Cross-strait Express Comment No. 478]
On the afternoon of December 3, President Xi Jinping held a welcoming ceremony and talks for El Salvadorian President Buker in the Great Hall of the People. China and Samoa issued a joint statement. Both sides agreed that adhering to the one-China principle is a universal consensus of the international community and the fundamental prerequisite and political basis for the establishment and development of Sino-Saharan relations. The Government of El Salvador supports UN Resolution 2758. The Sudanese side reiterated that the government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole of China, and Taiwan is an integral part of Chinese territory. The Sudanese side will abide by the one-China principle, resolutely oppose any behavior that violates this principle, oppose "Taiwan independence" in any form, and actively support all efforts made by the Chinese government to achieve peaceful national reunification.
In August last year, El Salvador announced that he had "broken diplomatic relations" with Taiwan and established diplomatic relations with China after Tsai Ing-wen visited Central America and returned to Taipei. The United States was so annoyed that the White House immediately issued a statement to help Taiwan “stop the pressure” and recalled Ambassador to El Salvador to Washington. It also asked El Salvador to explain the “break of diplomatic relations” with Taiwan and put pressure on El Salvador, but the El Salvador government did not submit. The El Salvador government's choice announced that Tsai Ing-wen ’s authorities had no way out of promoting “Taiwan independence.” No matter how the United States blessed Tsai Ing-wen, it would not stop “AIA” from separating from Tsai Ing-wen ’s authorities.
I. The U.S. attempts to protect Taiwan's "diplomatic relations" with domestic law
The Tsai Ing-wen authorities came to power in May 2016. In more than three years, seven "states of diplomatic relations" have been disconnected. The seven countries that Tsai Ing-wen lost are Sao Tome and Principe, Panama, Dominica, Burkina Faso, El Salvador, Solomon Islands and Kiribati. Tsai Ying-wen, who advertised that relations with the United States reached the best level in history, "diplomatic" achievements were horrible, and "Friends of Taiwan" members of the United States Congress could not sit still.
On October 29, 2019, the U.S. Senate passed the "Taiwan Diplomatic Relations International Safeguard and Strengthening Initiative Act 2019" (referred to as the "2019 Taipei Act") without objection. If the "Taipei Act" is eventually signed into law by Trump, it means "Taiwan's" diplomatic relations "will be included in the protection of US domestic law." This will also be the United States' wanton interference in China's internal affairs in the form of domestic law on the basis of the "Relations with Taiwan" and "Acts with Taiwan", undermining the "One China" principle and the provisions of the three Sino-US joint communiques.
2. The U.S. helping Taiwan maintain international space is intended to curb China
In order to curb China ’s implementation of the “Belt and Road” initiative in Latin America and the South Pacific region, the United States has accused China of “destroying the stability of the Taiwan Strait and interfering in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere”. Consolidating the "state relations" is basically to maintain US interests and influence in these regions.
The United States cares about Taiwan's "states in diplomatic relations," and essentially cares about its own interests. On the eve of the voting on the "Taipei Bill" on September 26, the Washington Post published a column comment that China's ability to win Taiwan's "state diplomatic relations" Solomon Islands and Kiribati in the short term is also a "frustration" for the United States. South Pacific influence has weakened.
In June 2018, the U.S. Congress ’s U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission (USCC) published a report titled “China ’s Contact with Pacific Island Countries and Its Impact on the United States,” reporting that in the past five years, China has adopted trade, investment , Development assistance, and tourism, expanding economic ties with Pacific island nations, has gradually become one of the important forces in this region. The United States must use Taiwan's "state relations" in these regions to weave and contain China. This is the strength of the United States. The fundamental reason for defending Taiwan's international space and forcing the "Taipei Bill" legislation.
3. The sharp decline in Taiwan's "state diplomatic relations" is inevitable
The "Taipei Act" made Tsai Ing-wen, who was in a dilemma of "broken diplomatic relations," very grateful, saying that "the US bill can strengthen the confidence of the people of Taiwan." Collaboration; Taiwan's "Representative in the United States" expressed its gratitude to the US Congress for its long-standing support for deepening Taiwan-US relations and expanding international space.
However, the "National Security Council" of Taiwan, which told the truth, warned Tsai Ing-wen that two countries might have "broken diplomatic relations" with Taiwan before the end of the year. If Taiwan's "states of diplomatic relations" continue to decrease, Taiwan's international space will shrink and its international status will be even lower. Tsai Ing-wen will make future Taiwanese leaders nowhere to visit. In order to transit the United States, the leaders of the Taiwan region have to find some "states of diplomatic relations" to visit. In the future, there will be no so-called "transit diplomacy" to transit the United States. If Tsai Ing-wen continues to rule and continue to implement "Taiwan independence", "zero-state diplomatic relations" will be impossible.
The danger of Taiwan as a US strategic chess piece is rising. The US Department of Defense's 2019 "Indo-Pacific Strategy Report" alleges that the United States pursues a strong partnership with Taiwan. The United States has included Taiwan in the "Indo-Pacific Strategy" mechanism and regarded Taiwan as a part of "regional collective security" with a view to maximizing the effect of "containing China with Taiwan". Regarding Taiwan ’s "diplomatic relations", whether in the South Pacific, Central and South America, or the Caribbean, their redistribution of geopolitical interests between China and the United States also has their own national interest considerations. . Therefore, as the "Indo-Pacific strategy" of the United States gradually takes shape, the possibility of Taiwan being sacrificed as a strategic chess piece becomes more and more high, and the risk of Taiwan finally going to "zero diplomatic relations" is also getting higher and higher.
Concluding Remarks: The United States Can't Stop "Friends" and Cai Yingwen's Parting
After the Tsai Ing-wen authorities came to power, they refused to accept the "One China" principle, refused to recognize the "1992 Consensus", and attempted to rely on the United States to expand and guarantee Taiwan's international space. Tsai Ing-wen mistakenly believes that these "states" in the United States have powerful influence in Taiwan. They can use the United States to influence these countries and deal with mainland China.
However, Cai Yingwen ’s “Gubang” failure scene followed one after another, proving that Cai Yingwen ’s “pro-American resistance to China” strategy to use the strength of the United States to consolidate the so-called “state relationship” is completely useless. Yes, it will only end up in the end. The United States supports Taiwan not much, and the United States' intervention in other countries is not weak, but these countries still part ways with the Tsai Ing-wen authorities.
In fact, the United States is more concerned about the value of geopolitics and security and the so-called democratic value. It does not really care about local economic development. Some countries that have established diplomatic relations with China have realized China ’s leadership through cooperation with China. In the coming development opportunities, the Chinese government's active promotion of the “Belt and Road” strategic cooperation projects has brought many concrete benefits to these countries and promoted their own economic development. Everything China does is aimed at mutual benefit and win-win. This is the fundamental difference between China and some other donor countries. (Author: Zeng Xu, Xiamen Taiwan Society Secretary-General)
[Responsible editor: Li Jie]