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Wall of list of dead compatriots in Nanjing Massacre. (Image source network)
China Taiwan Net December 13 News today is the sixth national ceremonial day of the Nanjing Massacre. On December 13, 1937, the Japanese invaders carried out bloody atrocities, such as organized, planned, and premeditated massacres, adultery, arson, and robbery, in Nanjing and nearby areas for up to six weeks. During the Nanjing Massacre, a large number of civilians and prisoners of war were killed by the Japanese army, countless families were fragmented, and the number of compatriots killed exceeded 300,000.
Today is the 82nd anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre. Ma Ying-jeou, a former chairman of the Chinese Nationalist Party and a former leader of Taiwan, published an article on Facebook, reviewing this history that has hurt all Chinese people. He emphasized that "history is wrong or forgivable, but the truth of history cannot be forgotten." To this day, some people in Japan still evade, downplay, or even deny the Japanese army ’s slaughter and rape crimes during World War II. He also hopes that Taiwan ’s governors will no longer deliberately intensify cross-strait relations for the benefit of elections To get the so-called "feeling of a country", we must cherish the hard-won peace situation, so that our children and grandchildren no longer have to face cruel and ruthless wars, and the tragedy of history will not repeat itself.
Ma Ying-jeou's article is as follows:
Today is the 82nd anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre. On December 13, 1937, the Japanese army launched a six-week rape and looting in Nanjing, killing 300,000 people, tens of thousands of women were raped, one third of Nanjing was burned, and countless cultural relics were looted.
Four years later, in December 1941, Japan launched the Pacific War and attacked the Philippines after a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Seeing that the situation was in dire straits, personnel in the Philippine allies evacuated one after another, but the Chinese Consulate General in the Philippines Yang Guangxun and 7 librarians were reluctant to leave to protect the responsibility of overseas Chinese. In January of the following year, when Manila fell, the Japanese army violated public international law and arrested Yang Guangyu, a diplomat. He coerced him to admit that Wang Jingwei, supported by the Japanese side, was pseudo-Nanjing government, healed the overseas Chinese in the Philippines, and raised funds from the overseas Chinese for the Japanese army. Consul General Yang sternly rejected Japan's request and was brutally killed after being tortured with seven librarians.
In the 1960s, in order to commemorate the martyrdom of Yang Guangxuan and other 8 people, the Philippine overseas Chinese built a martyr's hall in Yishan, overseas Chinese, and held April 15th as an overseas Chinese martyrs' festival.
In fact, this is the second time that the Japanese army has killed a Chinese diplomat. The first time was May 3, 1928 in Jinan, Shandong. The Japanese army deliberately caused an incident to prevent the National Revolutionary Army's northern expedition, and detained Cai Gongshi, director of the Foreign Affairs Office of the General Command. Cai was proficient in Japanese. After the Japanese force reprimanded the Japanese army for unreasonable atrocities, the Japanese army killed his ears, nose, and dug out his eyes and tongue, killing more than 10 colleagues at the same time. At that time, the Japanese army killed more than 6,000 soldiers and civilians in our country, which was called "the May 3 tragedy" in history.
When the Japanese retreated from Manila in February 1945, civilians were massacred, killing more than 100,000 people. This includes San Pablo, 85 kilometers south of Manila. At that time, less than half a year before the Japanese surrender, the local Japanese forces still forced 600 Chinese men aged 15 to 60 to dig a pit, kill it after cruel treatment, and bury it in the pit.
The May 3 Massacre, the Nanjing Massacre, the martyrdom of Yang Guang, the killings of Manila and Xandaluo all tried the cruelty of war. Although the end of World War II, the battlefield for killings has not disappeared.
I have repeatedly emphasized that "history is wrong or forgivable, but the truth of history cannot be forgotten"; if we cannot learn lessons from introspecting history, we cannot face it and correct it. To this day, some people in Japan still evade, downplay, or even deny the crimes of the Japanese army during the Second World War. For example, the writer Zhang Chunru who traveled to the United States sold the world-famous masterpiece "The Forgotten Holocaust: The 1937 Nanjing Holocaust". The Japanese version of this book, because the author did not agree with the publisher's request for deletion, could not be distributed in Japan. .
"There are no winners in war and no losers in peace." The lessons of history cannot be ignored. I hope that the ruling party can heed the advice and stop deliberately intensifying cross-strait relations and manipulating the sense of "despair" for the benefit of elections. Cross-strait peace is not only beneficial to Taiwan, but also to the whole world. We must cherish the hard-won peace status quo so that our children and grandchildren no longer have to face cruel and ruthless wars, so that the tragedy of history will not repeat itself.
[Responsible editor: He Jianfeng]