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CCTV News: The Yangtze River Delta is located at the intersection of rivers and seas. It gathers the largest river, river, lake, and sea wetlands in China. The total area of the Yangtze River Delta wetlands accounts for 10.1% of the country's total. The offshore and coastal wetlands account for 37.4% of the country's total. Wetlands account for 22.6% of the country, which is unique in the country's wetland ecosystem. The Yangtze River Delta coastal wetland is located on the longest migratory bird migration belt in the world, and it is the "resting place" where millions of migrating migratory birds migrate and fly. Wetland protection in the Yangtze River Delta region occupies an important position not only in its region, but also in the national and even global wetland protection.
The Yangtze River Delta wetland protection has achieved remarkable results
In the early stages of the industrialization and urbanization of the Yangtze River Delta, wetland occupation occurred from time to time. With the increasing awareness of ecological environment protection, the wetland protection in the Yangtze River Delta has accelerated significantly since the beginning of this century, and wetland protection and construction are at the forefront of the country.
First, increase policy and funding support. The three provinces and one city in the Yangtze River Delta have successively formulated the “Regulations on Wetland Protection”, “Implementation Plan for Wetland Protection and Restoration System” and “Wetland Protection Planning” to strengthen the legal guarantee and planning guidance for wetland protection. In order to ensure the effective implementation of wetland protection targets, various regions of the Yangtze River Delta have continuously increased their capital investment. During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the water environment treatment investment in the Taihu Lake Basin exceeded 50 billion yuan, a large part of which was directly used for wetland protection.
The second is to actively create a wetland protection and utilization carrier. The Yangtze River Delta takes wetland nature reserves and wetland parks as the main construction carriers to improve the regional wetland protection management system. For example, Shanghai has established 4 nature reserves, 2 national wetland parks, 4 national forest parks, and 4 drinking water source reserves. At present, there are more than 50 national-level wetland parks in the Yangtze River Delta region, giving full play to the comprehensive ecological, social and economic benefits of regional wetland resources.
The third is to build a regional wetland cooperative protection network. In 2007, the Yangtze River Delta established China's first wetland protection network. By building a regional strategic cooperation platform with extensive participation of management agencies, research units, social groups and the public, the wetlands scattered by administrative divisions will be reconnected into a piece of land to improve The overall management level of wetlands. In 2019, the National Innovation Alliance for Wetland Park Green Development in the Yangtze River Delta Region was established, which further promotes the protection and utilization of wetland resources in the Yangtze River Delta region.
Prospects for the Cooperative Protection of Wetlands in the Yangtze River Delta
The connectivity of the wetland ecosystem in the Yangtze River Delta region is good. With the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta as a national strategy, the development of collaborative protection will become the development trend of the Yangtze River Delta wetland protection.
The first is to strengthen the top-level institutional design of "multi-level collaboration" on the governance system. Integrate the collaborative protection of the Yangtze River Delta wetland into the national development strategy of the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, improve the decision-making and operation system from the top design, standardize the implementation system from the system and procedure, strengthen the performance management system from the supervision and evaluation, and enhance the authority of the Yangtze River Delta wetland collaborative protection To realize the transformation from the local and departmental management model to the regional comprehensive collaborative management model.
The second is to build a “two-belt, three-axis, multi-point” collaborative protection pattern in spatial planning. "Two zones" are coastal and T-shaped wetland protection zones along the Yangtze River, "three axes" are the Huaihe River, Qiantang River, and Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal wetland protection axes, and "multiple points" are lake wetlands, wetland parks, and wetlands at all levels. The protected area is guided by maintaining the integrity of the wetland ecosystem in the Yangtze River Delta, and establishes an integrated spatial planning system for the coordinated protection of the Yangtze River Delta wetlands.
The third is to build a collaborative protection mechanism of "government, industry, research and people" on the participants. Promote the coordination and cooperation of diverse subjects such as the government, enterprises, scientific research, and the public. The government focuses on formulating policies and increasing investment. The public focuses on science education and wetland supervision. Universities and research institutions focus on the transformation of wetland research results, and provide scientific and technological support for wetland protection and restoration To achieve the maximum benefit of the coordinated protection of wetlands.
[Responsible editor: Liu Hongyang]