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The Central Economic Work Conference pointed out that resolutely fighting the three major offensives is the key work to be done next year. This is a new major deployment following the victory of the three major offensives in early 2018 and key progress in 2019. We will firmly grasp the focus of the three major offensives. It is related to the well-off society that will be fully built in 2020 and be recognized by the people. History test.
Winning the battle against poverty is a landmark project for building a well-off society in an all-round way. The year 2019 is about to pass. After overcoming difficulties, it is expected that the number of poor people will be reduced by more than 10 million, and about 340 poor counties will be lifted out of poverty. The number of people living in poverty-stricken areas such as the “Three Districts and Three States” has been reduced from 1.72 million in 2018 to 430,000, and the incidence of poverty has dropped from 8.2% to 2%. However, we must also see that the tasks of poverty alleviation in deep poverty areas, consolidating the results of poverty alleviation, and follow-up assistance for poverty alleviation and relocation are still heavier. In the new year, we must use more powerful measures and more solid work to ensure that we can complete the deadline as scheduled. .
The so-called "tackling the toughness" must have its difficulties, and we must prepare for "hard bones." It is necessary to complete the remaining poverty alleviation tasks, concentrate the forces to fight the deep poverty eradication campaign, conduct supervision on counties and villages with difficult work, comprehensively investigate and rectify the outstanding problems affecting poverty alleviation, and implement special protection for the special poor. Focusing on high-quality poverty alleviation, we must implement measures such as industrial poverty alleviation and relocation of poverty alleviation, strictly remove the poor from the barriers, and consolidate the results of poverty alleviation. It is necessary to establish a mechanism to do a good job of monitoring and helping returnees and newly-emerged poor people in a timely manner, and to implement precise measures to ensure that the real poverty is eliminated.
A well-off society is not comprehensive, and the ecological environment is the key. A good ecological environment is the most inclusive welfare of the people's livelihood and the requirement for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. Since the beginning of this year, the blue sky defense battle, the Yangtze River protection and restoration battle, and the protection of water source areas have continued to make efforts to improve the quality of the ecological environment. Data show that from January to October, the surface water quality nationwide increased by 2.3 percentage points year-on-year, and the proportion of inferior category 5 sections decreased by 1.9 percentage points year-on-year. In the first 11 months, PM2.5 concentrations in 337 prefecture-level cities and above fell by 2.9% year-on-year. However, we must also see that the current improvement of the ecological environment is still in a critical period of pressure buildup and heavy load. Ecological environment governance is like sailing against the water, and retreating if you do not advance.
The so-called "tackling the tide" must have its hindrance, and there must be no slackness. In accordance with the requirements of the Central Economic Work Conference, in order to fight against pollution, we must adhere to the same direction and continue to strengthen our efforts, highlight the precise pollution control, scientific pollution control, and pollution control in accordance with the law to promote the continuous improvement of the quality of the ecological environment. We must focus on the defense of the blue sky, clear water, and pure land, improve relevant governance mechanisms, do a good job in preventing and controlling the source, adhere to the actual situation, do not engage in formalism, and do not implement “one size fits all”, and effectively solve the environmental problems that the people and the masses strongly reflect. Promote the continuous improvement of the quality of the ecological environment.
To consolidate the cornerstone of building a well-off society in an all-round way, we must strengthen our awareness of risks and resolutely fight against the tackling of major risks. After more than a year of centralized rectification, China's financial risks have gradually shifted from a rapid accumulation in previous years to high-level mitigation, and the exposed financial risks are being dealt with in an orderly manner. At present, China's financial system is generally healthy, financial risks have generally converged, financial markets have been operating steadily, the RMB exchange rate has remained basically stable at a reasonable and balanced level, and has the ability to resolve various risks. However, we must also see that global sentiment of unilateralism and protectionism has intensified, cyclical and structural problems in the operation of the domestic economy still exist, and there are still many uncertain factors facing China's economy and finance.
The so-called "tackling the tide" must have its own risks and cannot be taken lightly. It is necessary to speed up the reform of the financial system, not only to increase the crackdown on market violations, but also to strengthen financial supervision, supplement regulatory shortcomings, and guide finance to focus on the main business and serve the real economy. It is necessary to keep the macro-leverage ratio basically stable, compact the responsibilities of all parties, fulfill the responsibility of keeping the soil, and firmly hold to the bottom line of avoiding systemic risks.
Those who travel for hundreds of miles are half-ninety, and the closer they are to success, the more difficult they can be. Of course, the past record has strengthened the confidence of winning the tough battles. On the oncoming journey, we still need to make a bold move and take advantage of the situation. We must maintain the toughness of the attack, strengthen the responsibility of attacking the attack, resolutely fight the three major battles, and win the great victory of building a well-off society in an all-round way.
[Responsible editor: Liu Hongyang]