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Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 30th: Concentrating troops to fight the battle of deep poverty eradication——Viewing the situation of poverty alleviation from the spirit of the Central Rural Work Conference
Xinhua News Agency reporter Hou Xuejing
The Central Rural Work Conference held recently emphasized that winning the battle against poverty is the top priority of building a well-off society in an all-round way, and we must go all out to concentrate on completing the remaining poverty alleviation tasks. It is necessary to consolidate the results of poverty alleviation and prevent the return to poverty, and to do a good job in helping the returnees and the newly emerging poor. We must adhere to the current standards for poverty alleviation and ensure the stable realization of "two cares and three guarantees".
Liu Yongfu, director of the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council, said that key progress has been made in the fight against poverty in 2019, and the effectiveness of targeted poverty alleviation has been significant. The task of poverty alleviation and relocation in ex-situ areas has been basically completed. Significant progress has been made in poverty alleviation in deeply impoverished areas. The number of poor people in the “three districts and three states” has been reduced from 1.72 million in 2018 to 430,000 by the end of this year. The incidence of poverty has dropped from 8.2% to 2%. "Two worry-free and three guarantees" prominently solved the outstanding problems.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China has created the best results in the history of poverty reduction. It is estimated that by the end of 2019, more than 95% of the poor population in the country can be lifted out of poverty, and more than 90% of poor counties can take off their hats.
After poverty alleviation, infrastructure and public services in poverty-stricken areas have been greatly improved, the industry has developed steadily, the ecological environment has continued to improve, and development capacity has been significantly enhanced. The rural grassroots governance capacity and management level have been significantly improved, and the party's governance base in rural areas has been further consolidated.
"While seeing the achievements, we must also deeply understand the difficulties and challenges facing poverty alleviation. The poverty alleviation in deeply-poor areas, consolidating the results of poverty alleviation, and the follow-up assistance for poverty alleviation and relocation are still heavy. The problems of unfulfilled responsibilities, inadequate policies, and inaccurate work still exist. "Liu Yongfu said.
Liu Yongfu said that from the decisive victory to the all-round victory in poverty alleviation, there are still some issues that cannot be ignored. The task of alleviating poverty in deeply impoverished areas is heavy. Nine provinces with more than 100,000 people across the country, 9 cities and prefectures with more than 50,000 people, 39 counties with more than 10,000 people, and 16 counties with a poverty incidence rate of more than 5%. These are mainly concentrated In the deeply impoverished areas of the west, there are "hard bones" that have not been in command for many years. The task of consolidating the results of poverty alleviation is heavy.
According to the preliminary analysis of various places, nearly 2 million of the more than 90 million people who have filed poverty-stricken vehicles who have been lifted out of poverty are at risk of returning to poverty. In the marginalized population, nearly 3 million people are at risk of poverty. Follow-up assistance tasks for ex-situ poverty alleviation and relocation are heavy. Nearly 10 million poor people have been relocated in poverty alleviation across the country, as well as farmers who have been relocated at the same time. Compared with the completion of relocation construction tasks, it is more difficult to do follow-up support tasks.
At present, although the number of remaining poor people is not large, the task of tackling tough problems in deeply poor areas is still arduous. Liu Yongfu said that we must fully understand the arduous complexity of poverty alleviation, courageously face up to the problem, analyze the problem carefully, continuously improve our work, enhance our awareness of sorrow, prevent and resolve various risks in a timely manner, and push the poverty alleviation all along in the right direction.
"We must profoundly understand the decisive victory achieved in the fight against poverty, strengthen our confidence and determination, maintain our strategic determination, and adhere to the systems and practices that have been proven to be effective through practice." Liu Yongfu said.
He said that in 2020, China will carry out normalized supervision of poverty alleviation, list supervision in deeply impoverished areas, continue to accelerate the implementation of the "three regions and three states" poverty alleviation implementation plan, comprehensively solve the "two cares and three guarantees" problem, and complete the remaining poverty. Population and poverty-stricken counties' task of lifting poverty to ensure victory in the eradication of deep poverty eradication. At the same time, establish and improve mechanisms for early warning and dynamic assistance in returning to poverty. There is only one year left until the end of 2020. The final battle must not only complete the target task of poverty alleviation, but also consolidate the results of poverty alleviation and prevent the return to poverty. We must also study and plan poverty alleviation work after 2020. The time is urgent and the task is arduous and there is no way out And elastic.
[Responsible editor: Liu Hongyang]